How to Make Copra, 3 Best Drying Technique

How to Make Copra, 3 Best Drying Technique

Copra is coconut meat that is processed by drying. Products that can be produced from copra, one of which is coconut oil. The copra that is ready to be processed is then extracted to produce oil. Then, how to make copra, as the basic ingredient for making coconut oil?

How to Make Copra?

how to make copra

The basic ingredient for making copra is coconut which is about 300 days old. The minimum weight required is 3-4 kg per fruit. Copra processed products can be used as coconut oil which has many benefits. How to make copra become quality oil?

Based on references, to make copra into a quality product, there are various techniques. Namely drying by exposure to sunlight, drying by smoking which is carried out over a fire, drying using indirect heat, and drying with a plastic hood.

Dried coconut, hereinafter referred to as copra can be processed into various quality preparations. Some examples of processed copra include coconut oil, mouthwash, cooking oil, nata de coco, coconut soy sauce, and many others.

Copra Drying Technique

copra drying technique

Quality copra is successful in drying as well as the perfect shape. How to make copra that has a perfect shape? You can take advantage of drying either in direct sunlight or in the oven. It will affect the shape of the coconut meat.

It is easy to pry the coconut flesh from the shell. But most will spoil the shape of the meat. For that, use solar energy to help the process of removing coconut meat.

Drying with the Help of Sunlight

The weather of each region is not the same, as well as to predict the weather. For that, drying with this technique must be patient, especially if it enters the rainy season. Instead of drying the coconuts, the rain comes suddenly and it will be difficult to shade a lot of coconuts.

The drying process when the weather is sunny only takes 2 days. After that, the coconut meat can be prayed. It takes a second stage of drying which takes 3-5 days to produce quality copra. If the weather is sunny, drying within 8 hours can reduce the water content in coconut up to 1/3 of the total water content.

Drying with the help of sunlight has advantages and disadvantages. The advantage is that it saves production costs. Because using natural ways by utilizing natural resources. It does not require tools or materials to dry coconut.

By arranging on a concrete floor or using bamboo shelves, the copra produced will be maximized. Although it takes a very long time to produce quality copra.

The disadvantages of this drying technique are related to the weather. In addition to the burden of lifting coconuts when it rains, the drawback is that the drying process will take longer. Not only that, if the copra is not dry but the weather is not good, the potential for mushrooms to grow will be greater.

copra from Indonesia

Drying Technique Using Artificial Heat

This drying technique uses the help of machine operation. So you need a machine to dry the coconuts. The drying process can be carried out indoors. This process is divided into 2 types. Drying by direct method and drying with heat indirectly.

Drying directly will come into contact with gases from the combustion process. The burning that occurs can also be called smoke-dried copra which has a characteristic odor from burning. And the skin color is brownish white. The fuel for drying coconut is dried shell.

The second type of artificial heat drying is indirect drying. Copra drying will not come into direct contact with the gases from the combustion process. The system is drying in a room with heating pipes. How to dry copra with this technique will require a very large capital. So it will affect the cost of production.

The artificial heat drying technique has an indirect advantage. Namely, the color of the resulting copra will be better. Oil from copra with this drying technique will have a quality aroma and taste. If copra is stored for a long period it will also not produce a rancid odor. Storage time in this case is approximately 8 months.

Dried copra will be packaged and then cooled, and ready to be marketed for all kinds of purposes. Mostly, copra is used as a raw material for making oil.

Drying Using a Plastic Hood

The technique of drying coconuts to become this type of copra is better than drying techniques with the help of sunlight. The tool used in this drying is a hood made of plastic. This drying produces quality copra juice, so it will also affect the quality of coconut oil.

How to make copra by drying technique using a plastic hood? You can prepare a room whose walls and roof are made of transparent plastic. Then the sun will shine on the copra which is arranged in a plastic room. Thus, the copra will get heat indirectly from the sun.

The light that enters through the plastic room will be reflected so that the heat will be retained. This causes the temperature in the room to rise. Another advantage of drying with this technique is that copra gets quality heat and is protected from rain.

You do not have to bother to secure the coconut if one day it rains. But the coconuts will still get heat from the sun if the weather is good, even when the sky is cloudy.

That’s an explanation of how to make copra, as the main ingredient in making coconut oil. All of the described techniques have their respective advantages and disadvantages. You need to choose one, to produce the desired copra, also according to your financial condition.

Coconut drying methods will always produce different quality copra. However, the desire to get quality copra must be adjusted to the capital owned, the availability of land, and also the required manpower. The choice of drying technique is also based on the timing of meeting customer needs.

Here are Benefits of Copra You Need to Know!

Here are Benefits of Copra You Need to Know!

One of the most popular and sought after coconut products in the global market is dried coconut or known as copra. As Indonesia’s mainstay export commodities, copra has thousands of benefits, both in terms of health and as a raw material for the products we use every day.

For example, we can find copra that has been processed in body care products such as shampoo, soap, and body lotion.

You may be wondering, are there any health benefits too? So, can we eat copra? Of course, we did!

But not directly, we can only consume dried coconut after it is processed and becomes an ingredient in dishes. We can find dishes with a mixture of processed copra in Asian specialties such as gulai, curry, or stews.

Now we know that humans can also consume copra. However, before adding it to our dishes, let’s first find out the nutritional content in dried coconut.

 

dried coconut

Nutritional Content in Dried Coconut or Copra

Copra provides mostly fat in the form of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). More than 50% of the fat content in copra comes from MCTs.

But don’t worry, the good news is that although desiccated coconut is rich in fat content, MCTs are easier to digest because of these fat chains are shorter than the long-chain fatty acids found in many other foods 

Here are the nutrition facts for 1 cup (100gr) of dried coconut meat:

Calories : 650

Protein: 7.5 gr

Fiber : 18 gr

Fat: 65 gr

Carbs: 25 gr

Copper : 40% of the DV (Daily Value)

Manganese : 137% of the DV

Selenium : 26% of the DV

Iron : 18% of the DV

Magnesium : 23% of the DV

Phosphorus : 21% of the DV

Potassium : 16% of the DV

  • Selenium is a mineral which helps the body in producing enzymes that can improve the immune system and thyroid function. The recommended daily amount is 55 micrograms, and one ounce of dry coconut can provide 9.4% of this requirement.
  • Copper can increase energy, the metabolic processes, and help in formation of red blood cells and collagen. In addition, copper also has natural antioxidant properties. One ounce of desiccated coconut provides 25% of the daily value.
  • One ounce of copra provides 5 grams of fiber which is useful for maintaining blood pressure and heart function. The recommended amount for daily needs is men consume 38 grams, while women consume 25 grams.

 

5 Benefits of Copra You Need to Know!

  • Become a raw material in daily products

The existence of copra can be found easily in our everyday products. Especially for women, who doesn’t wear lipstick to complete your perfect look? Lipstick contains VCO (Virgin Coconut Oil) to hold the color, so it doesn’t melt.

In addition, because of the perfect content to moisturize, this dried coconut oil has also become raw material for making soaps, shampoos, and body lotions.

  • You can include dried coconut to your dishes

Another benefit of copra is that it can be an ingredient for cooking. There are so many ways to include desiccated coconut to your dishes.

To mix it, you can shave or grated it. Asian specialties such as curries, gulai, and stews usually use desiccated coconut that is shaved and processed into coconut cream to add a savory taste and thicken the dish.

You can also put in desiccated coconut into your cake, muffin, and bread dough to increase the sweetness and also it can help moisten the dough naturally.

  • Another benefits of copra is it can help your diet program

Dried coconut is an ideal source of healthy fat that does not contain cholesterol. And the MCTs in it can help you lose excess body fat.

MCT can reduce body weight by releasing two hormones that can increase satiety and help reduce appetite, namely peptide YY and leptin. Studies have found that people who consume two tablespoons of MCT oil as part of breakfast eat less at lunch.

Besides the MCT from coconut oil, another coconut product that can help your diet program is coconut flour. In the process of making cakes, coconut flour can replace wheat flour because this flour is gluten and nut free.

Because it is free from grains, coconut flour is also good for those who are on a paleo diet that does not allow you to consume products that contain grains such as wheat flour.

  • Prevent heart disease

Studies have found that people who frequently eat coconut meat have lower rates of heart disease than those who follow a Western diet. Moreover, another study conducted on 1,837 Filipino women found that coconut oil had a neutral effect on cholesterol levels.

Coconut meat contains polyphenols that can prevent the oxidation of LDL (bad) cholesterol, so LDL is less likely to form plaque in the arteries that can increase heart disease.

Consuming virgin coconut oil can also reduce belly fat. This is very beneficial because excess belly fat can increase the risk of heart disease and diabetes.

  • Controlling blood sugar levels

The advantages of coconut with low carbohydrate levels, high fiber and fat can help stabilize blood sugar in the body.

A study conducted on rats found that coconut has anti-diabetic effects, this is due to the arginine content. Arginine is an amino acid that is very important for improving the function of pancreatic cells. This content releases the hormone insulin which can regulate blood sugar levels.

The high fiber content in coconut meat also participates in slowing the digestive process and increasing insulin resistance which can also help control blood sugar levels.

 

How to Store Copra at Home

Because copra is coconut that has been dried and has less water content, so its shelf life is longer compared to fresh coconut. You can stored dry coconut in a plastic bag and refrigerated, it will last well for 6 months.

 

Dried Coconut Cake Recipe For Snacks at Home

This dry coconut cake is perfect to accompany your days while at home. Let’s see how to make it!

Ingredients:

  • 500 gr medium protein flour or coconut flour
  • 200 gr grated coconut, roasted
  • 250 g butter, melted
  • 250 gr powdered sugar
  • 2 egg yolks
  • 1 tsp vanilla powder
  • 2 tbsp milk powder
  • 1/4 tsp salt

How to make:

  1. Combine eggs, vanilla powder, powdered sugar and butter. Stir the four ingredients until it is soft and evenly mixed.
  2. Add flour or coconut flour, roasted grated coconut, milk and salt. Mix well.
  3. Preheat the oven. Prepare a baking sheet and lightly grease with margarine.
  4. Round and flatten the dough. You can use a fork if you want to give it texture.
  5. Place the dough that has been formed on the baking sheet and give a distance between one cake and another. Do this until the dough runs out.
  6. Bake the shaped dough for about 20 minutes, or see if it’s done. Turn off the oven and let it cool down. Then take it out of the oven
  7. If the cake is solid and cold, then the dry coconut cake is ready to be served. Store the desiccated coconut cake in a closed container or jar.
What is Copra? Get to Know Copra in Indonesia

What is Copra? Get to Know Copra in Indonesia

What is copra? Have you ever heard about copra? Copra is a dried section of coconut meat. Indonesia has an almost entirely tropical climate, related to that Indonesia becoming one of the biggest coconut producers in the world.

Most of the farmers who have owned the coconut farms process their coconut into copra.

Copra now has become one of Indonesia’s mainstay export commodities and valued for the coconut oil extracted by it. 

copra sun drying methods

What is Copra and How to Make It?

We need 300 days with 3 to 4 kilograms of coconut to make the ideal copra. How to obtain it is by removing the husk of the coconut, then breaking it into pieces, and letting the meat dry.

It goes through a drying process over the course of a few days for the coconut meat to become copra. There are 4 ways to make copra;

  1. The smoke drying method is a traditional way of coconut drying process using the smoke of combustion. The copra has a brown color that tends to pitch black and has a distinctive smoke aroma.
  2. The sun-drying method is coconut drying using the heat of the sun. We can split the coconut into two cups then spread the cups on any open surface. The white copra has produced by this method along with an indirect hot drying method.
  3. Indirect hot drying is a common drying method. Fresh coconut meat can be initially sun-dried and oven-dried later. An indirect heating system ensures only clean hot air makes contact with the coconut.
  4. The kiln drying method involves the drying of coconut in a chamber where air circulation, relative humidity, and temperature can be controlled. So, the moisture content can be reduced to a target point without any drying defects.

 

Coconut kernels and coconut oil

What are the Uses of Copra?

Copra is made use of as the raw material of coconut oil. Not only limited to that, it turns out that it is also utilized for various purposes. You can even find more products made by copra in your daily activities. Here are the uses of copra you need to know;

  • Virgin Coconut Oil

Girls must be familiar with moisturizer products. Virgin Coconut Oil or VCO is a key material for body lotion and other skin moisturizer products. You can also fabricate lipstick from it, the VCO can hold the lipstick color so it won’t melt.

In addition, VCO is very useful as a treatment for fungal infection or ringworm in your pet.

  • Crude Coconut Oil

Crude Coconut Oil (CCO) has become Indonesia’s mainstay commodity and known as one of the best in the world. CCO is widely availing of in many circumstances today. It is mostly processing into various derivative products such as cooking oil, margarine, and detergent. 

  • Body Care Products

We can find coconut oil is using in the manufacturing of many body care products since it has excellent moisturizing properties. Some of these products include shampoos, soaps, body scrubs, etc.

  • Biodiesel

The oil that is extracted in the process can also be used for biodiesel. Biodiesel is eco-friendly and renewable energy to replace fossil fuels. It has many benefits for the vehicle, such as increased energy security, improved air quality & the environment, and safety benefits.

  • Livestock Feed

Copra cake or meal is the leftover residue after extracting the oil. This coconut waste is a useful by-product that is mostly utilized as animal feeds.

The copra cake is derived as a valuable protein source for livestock from suitable sources and has been proven scientifically.

 

Indonesian Copra and Top Destination Exports

Copra comes from coconut palm which grows only in tropical regions of the world. Coconut palms are common in Southeast Asia, South Asia, and Oceania.

Indonesia has the largest coconut palm growing areas and has become one of the world’s top producers of coconuts followed by the Philippines, India, Sri Lanka, and Brazil.

In 2018, the total coconut cultivation area in Indonesia is over 3,5 million hectares throughout 34 provinces. The coconut is mostly grown on Sulawesi Island and Maluku.

Copra is the most sought-after coconut product in the global market. The export was increasing and ranking third among the six primary export commodities which are rubber, palm oil, copra, tobacco, tea, and sugar.

The major producers in Indonesia are North Sulawesi includes Minahasa, Sangihe, Talaud, and Gorontalo.

You can also find its production in some areas in Indonesia including Banten, Priangan, Banyumas, Kulon Progo, Kediri and Mt. Meratus region of South Kalimantan.

Indonesia had exported raw copra with a value of 354 million USD (or 4,9 billion Rupiah) in 2018. In the meantime, its products had successfully been exported with a value of 368 million USD (or 5,1 billion Rupiah). 

According to The Observatory of Economic Complexity (OEC), the top destination countries of copra exports from Indonesia are Bangladesh ($14.7M), India ($9.69M), Philippines ($2.32M), Pakistan ($2.21M), and Chinese Taipei ($133k).

Between 2018 and 2019, the fastest-growing markets were South Korea ($46.2k), United Arab Emirates ($29.3k), and Malaysia ($12.6k).

 

Copra - dried coconut

Our Products

Nusagro is a first-hand supplier in Indonesia and the best place to buy copra. We produce Dried Coconut (semi-husk and full-husk of coconut), Edible and White Copra, and also other coconut products.

White copra is regular copra from hybrid coconut with water contents of about 5%. It has a maximum diameter of around 9cm, the color is white, and there are holes on the surface of the coconut.

It is usually apply as a key material of coconut oil and its derivative products.

Edible copra is the dried meat of coconut from hybrid coconut with water contents of about 5%.

It has a maximum diameter as the white one which is around 9 cm and the skin is smooth without holes on the surface. You can consume it as dry fruit.

Our products are fresh and fully matured, harvested directly by our farmers after 2.5 to 3 months. We are committed to producing high-quality and 100% fresh & natural copra.

If you have some questions, please don’t be hesitate to contact us. We are proud to serve you wholeheartedly.

 

What is Copra?

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